RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles

In this chapter, we provide RS Aggarwal Solutions for Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles Maths for English medium students, Which will very helpful for every student in their exams. Students can download the latest RS Aggarwal Solutions for Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles Maths pdf, free RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles Maths book pdf download. Now you will get step by step solution to each question.

TextbookNCERT
ClassClass 10
SubjectMaths
ChapterChapter 112
Chapter NameCircles
Exercise12
CategoryRS Aggarwal Solutions

RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles

Question 1:

PA is the tangent to the circle with center O and radius AO = 8 cm. The point P is at a distance of 17 cm from O.
In ∆ PAO, A = 90◦,
RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles 1.1
By Pythagoras theorem:
RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles 1.2
Hence, the length of the tangent = 15 cm.

Question 2:
PA is the tangent to the circle with centre O and radius, such that PO = 25 cm, PA = 24 cm
In ∆ PAO, A = 90◦,
RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles 2.1
By Pythagoras theorem:
RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles 2.2
Hence, the radius of the circle is 7 cm.

Question 3:
Given AP is a tangent at A and OA is radius through A and PA and PB are the tangent segments to circle with centre O.
Therefore, OA is perpendicular to AP, similarly, OB is perpendicular to BP.
RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles 3.1
∴ ∠OAP = 90◦
And ∠OBP = 90◦
So, ∠OAP = ∠OBP = 90◦
∴ ∠OBP + ∠OAP = (90◦ + 90◦) = 180◦
Thus, the sum of opposite angles of quad. AOBP is 180◦
∴ AOBP is a cyclic quadrilateral

Question 4:
Given: From an external point P, tangent PA and PB are drawn to a circle with centre O. CD is the tangent to the circle at a point E and PA = 14cm.
RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles 4.1
Since the tangents from an external point are equal, we have
PA = PB,
Also, CA = CE and DB = DE
Perimeter of ∆PCD = PC + CD + PD
= (PA – CA) + (CE + DE) +(PB – DB)
= (PA – CE) + (CE + DE) + (PB – DE)
= (PA + PB) = 2PA = (2 × 14) cm
= 28 cm
Hence, Perimeter of ∆PCD = 28 cm

Question 5:
A circle is inscribed in a triangle ABC touching AB, BC and CA at P, Q and R respectively.
RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles 5.1
Also, AB = 10 cm, AR = 7cm, CR = 5cm
AR, AP are the tangents to the circle
AP = AR = 7cm
AB = 10 cm
BP = AB – AP = (10 – 7) = 3 cm
Also, BP and BQ are tangents to the circle
BP = BQ = 3 cm
Further, CQ and CR are tangents to the circle
CQ = CR = 5cm
BC = BQ + CQ = (3 + 5) cm = 8 cm
Hence, BC = 8 cm

Question 6:
Let the circle touches the sides AB, BC, CD and DA at P, Q, R, S respectively
We know that the length of tangents drawn from an exterior point to a circle are equal
RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles 6.1
AP = AS —-(1) {tangents from A}
BP = BQ —(2) {tangents from B}
CR = CQ —(3) {tangents from C}
DR = DS—-(4) {tangents from D}
Adding (1), (2) and (3) we get
∴ AP + BP + CR + DR = AS + BQ + CQ + DS
⇒ (AP + BP) + (CR + DR) = (AS + DS) + (BQ + CQ)
⇒ AB + CD = AD + BC
⇒ AD = (AB + CD) – BC = {(6 + 4) – 7} cm = 3 cm
Hence, AD = 3 cm

Question 7:
Given: Two tangent segments BC and BD are drawn to a circle with centre O such that ∠CBD = 120◦.
Join OB, OC and OD.
RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles 7.1
In triangle OBC,
∠OBC = ∠OBD = 60◦
∠OCB = 90◦ (BC is tangent to the circle)
Therefore, ∠BOC = 30◦
BCOB=sin30∘=12
⇒ OB = 2BC

Question 8:
Given O is the centre of two concentric circles of radii 4 cm and 6 cm respectively. PA and PB are tangents to the outer and inner circle respectively. PA = 10cm. Join OA, OB and OP.
Then, OB = 4 cm, OA= 6 cm and PA = 10 cm
RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles 8.1
In triangle OAP,
RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles 8.2
Hence, BP = 10.9 cm

Question 9:
RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 10 Chapter 12 Circles 9.1
Join OR and OS, then OR = OS
OR ⊥DR and OS⊥DS
∴ ORDS is a square
Tangents from an external point being equal, we have
BP = BQ
CQ = CR
DR = DS
∴ BQ = BP = 27 cm
⇒ BC – CQ = 27 cm
⇒ 38 – CQ = 27
⇒ CQ = 11 cm
⇒ CR = 11 cm
⇒ CD – DR = 11 cm
⇒ 25 – DR = 11 cm
⇒ DR = 14 cm
⇒ r = 14 cm
Hence, radius = 14 cm

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